What are Hotblood, Warmblood & Coldblood Horses

Hotblood Warmblood Coldblood Horses Social

As a horse fancier, you may be confused about what are hotblood, warmblood, and coldblood horses. This article would give you the brief introduction and main breeds of these three horse types.

Do hot-blooded, warm-blooded, and cold-blooded horses have different blood temperatures? Actually not.

In fact, all the horses have the same body temperature of around 100 degrees Fahrenheit or 30 degrees centigrade. Thus this classification is not based on the blood temperature of horses but based on their temperament, features, and performances.

I have been feeding horses for nearly 15 years and I have done a lot of research on this topic. In this article, I would share some detailed information with you. Hope this could help you and answer your questions.

What is a Hot-Blooded Horse?

Hot Blooded Horse

Hot-blooded horses are usually famous for being energetic, fast, and fiery. And they are a little harder to control than most horses. In general, most hot-blooded horses are smaller-sized horses. A hot-blooded horse could have a lanky and narrow build as well as a large lung capacity. They usually have a light frame and travel fast, when supplying plenty of oxygen to their muscles.

Hot-blooded horses originated in the Middle East and North Africa. At that place, the nomadic tribesmen attached great importance to hot-blooded horses. A close relationship between men and hot-blooded horses enables them much smarter than other breeds. And they are popular show horses and race horses for their stamina, speed, and agility.

In this way, the obvious hot-blooded horses could have fine-coated, light-bodied horses. And with fast speed and strong stamina, they are quick learners and very adaptable.

What Breed of Horse is a Hotblood?

The hot-blooded horses may be a small group of horses. The main breeds of hot-blooded horses are:

  • Arabian Horse
  • Akhal-Teke
  • Barb
  • Thoroughbred
  • Now-extinct turkoman horse

The Arabian and the Thoroughbred are the two most famous hot-blooded horse breeds. While, the Barb horses were bred from the Arabians. And the Barbs are much hardier, stockier, and plainer than the latter. Besides, the Akhal-Teke is one of the rarest horse breeds, with a very fine and narrow build.

What are Hotblood Horses Good at?

The obvious features of hot-blooded horses are fast speed and strong stamina. This is why they are good at short-distance galloping races and endurance competitions. And the endurance competitions could be up to 100 miles in a day. Besides, as excellent hunters, the Thoroughbreds are good at eventing.

Hot-blooded horses usually have high adaptability and intelligence. This is why they play an active part in all equine activities. And their advantages allow them to gain great success in horse races. They also play an active part in horse performances, horseball, and polo.

What is a Warm-Blooded Horse?

Warm Blooded Horse

You may wonder about the meaning of “warmblood”. Does it refer to the temperature of the blood? Actually, from the biological perspective, almost all mammals, including horses, are warm-blooded animals. They could adapt their inner temperature biologically. But this concept of warm blood has nothing to do with warm-blooded horses.

Warm-blooded horses are a main horse type in the horse industry. They usually have general temperaments and shared characteristics. In detail, warm-blooded horses play an important part in hunting, jumper rings, dressage, and so on.

In general, warm-blooded horses are a mixture of calm cold-blooded horses and energetic hot-blooded horses. In this way, the temperament of warm-blooded horses is in the middle of the other two kinds of horses. And they are calmer than hot-blooded horses, but sharper than cold-blooded horses. Besides, warm-blooded horses usually have athletic conformations. This is why they could be easy-going and athletic partners.

What Breed of Horse is a Warmblood?

Briefly, almost 80% of horses belong to warm-blooded horses. And warm-blooded horses are bred from the hot blood horses and cold blood horses.

The main warm-blooded horse breeds are:

  • Trakehner
  • Selle Francais
  • Holsteiner
  • Hanovarian
  • Oldenburg
  • Quarter Horse
  • Appaloosa
  • Mustang

Besides, there is hybrid blood in the warm-blooded horse. So they are calmer than hot-blooded horses and more light-footed than cold-blooded horses. Thus, warm-blooded horses are the ideal combination between sporty and surefooted.

What are Warmblood Horses Good at?

The features of warm-blooded horses are their sporty and surefooted. This is why they are good at dressage, showjumping, and carriage driving. Actually, warm-blooded horses take part in almost all disciplines of riding and competition. They are especially good at show jumping, dressage, and eventing.

In this way, the majority of sports horses could be warm-blooded horses. And warm-blooded horses might be your ideal choice if you are going to buy your first horse. For there is high rideability among them.

What is a Cold-Blooded Horse?

Cold Blooded Horse

In general, cold-blooded horses might take more time to react and a longer time to train than others. This is not because cold-blooded horses are stupid, but because they are stubborn. In terms of temperament, cold-blooded horses would be easy-going, placid, and kind. In this way, they are suitable for all the riders.

Cold-blooded horses, draft horses, are known for their calm and gentle personalities. In general, cold-blooded horses are tall, wide, and strong. In ancient, they performed well in farming, plowing, pulling, and so on. The most obvious features of cold-blooded horses are their gentle and calm characters. So they are friendly to amateurs and children.

Besides, cold-blooded horses are easy to handle. And they usually have large legs and shoulders, large feet, and abundant feathers. And they could be strong and surefooted. Thicker coats allow cold-blooded horses to survive in harsh climates and cold conditions.

What Breed of Horse is a Coldblood?

Most coldblood horses are extremely strong and large, The main cold-blooded horse breeds are:

  • Shires
  • Belgians
  • Clydesdales
  • Percherons
  • Noriker
  • Belgian Draft
  • Budweiser Clydesdales
  • Irish draft
  • Other heavy draft breeds

The Shire is a popular draft breed that originated in England. And they would be working on farms, pulling carts and carriages, and walking in parades.

What are Coldblood Horses Good at?

The obvious features of cold-blooded horses are large bodies and colossal strength. This is why they are good at pulling heavy plows, carriages, and so on. Thus, they still perform well in farming and forestry in some remote regions. Besides, the cold-blooded horses excel in hacking, dressage competition, hunting, jumping, and so on.

After proper training, your cold-blooded horses may perform beyond your expectation. In this way, cold-blooded horses are suitable for all your family members. For they have a calm and kind temper.


What is the Difference Between a Warmblood Horse and a Thoroughbred?

Warm-blooded horses are a horse category that concludes many horse breeds. While Thoroughbred horses belong to a horse breed within the hot-blooded horse category. In this way, a warm-blooded horse and a Thoroughbred might have various characters. This is what makes them suitable for different sports and groups.

Warm-blooded horses originated in Europe as workhorses. But they are focusing on sport and competition nowadays. And modern warm-blooded horses are good at dressage and many jumping sports. Besides, they are famous for their mild temper and proper structure.

While Thoroughbred horses originated in England as athlete horses. They are racehorses, famous for their speed and smooth ride. And they are also known for stamina, alertness, and high temperament. Besides, the entire bone structure of the thoroughbred is usually lighter and more refined than that of most warmbloods.

What is the Difference Between Warmblood and Coldblood Horses?

Warmblood horses are a mixture of hot blood horses and cold blood horses. They have a unique combination of features including size, substance, and refinement. Compared with coldbloods, warm-blooded horses are sharper with a mild temperament and good agility. While cold blood horses are known as draft horses. Compared with warm-blooded horses, they are taller and larger with great musculature, being the largest of all the horse types. Cold-blooded horses play an important part in agricultural work. And they can tolerate harsh climates as well as cold conditions.

What is the Difference Between Warm-blooded and Hot-blooded Horses?

Warm-blooded horses could be a mixture of hot-blooded horses and cold-blooded horses. So they are much calmer than hot-blooded horses. Most horses are warm-blooded horses. They are good at dressage, showjumping, and carriage driving. While hot-blooded horses are famous for their speed and stamina with fine-coated and light-bodied horses. With high intelligence and adaptability, hot-blooded horses take part in all equine disciplines. And they excel in horse racing, especially eventing. Thus, there is a great demand for hot-blooded horses.


Actually, all the horses are divided into three types according to their temperaments and features. These three types are hot-blooded horses, warm-blooded horses, and cold-blooded horses. Besides, warm-blooded horses are a mixture of hot-blooded horses and cold-blooded horses. In this way, the temperament of warm-blooded horses would be the middle of hot-blooded horses and cold-blooded horses.

If you are focusing on horse racing and competition, you may need a hot-blooded horse. If you would like a draft horse for all your family members, a cold-blooded horse may be your best choice. If you are not sure, warm-blooded horses may be your ideal first horse.

In this article, I hope you could better understand hot-blooded horses, warm-blooded horses, and cold-blooded horses. And you could identify and classify these three types of horses. If so, you are welcome to share this article.

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